Recent reports revealed that 95.1 percent of corn samples from the U.S. were rated at U.S. grade 2 or better.

For the year 2017 corn crop, the superb growing season has brought in all time high profits, as stated in the corn quality report by the United States Grain Council (USGC).

The 2017-2018 Corn Harvest Quality Report marked the seventh USGC yearly corn quality survey. The report showed that almost of the 2017 corn crop conditions were evaluated as good if not excellent in the growing season. This led to healthy plants, good kernel size and a estimated yield of 370.3 million metric tons or 14.58 billion bushels, marking the second largest recorded crop.

The said report revealed that 95.1 percent of U.S. corn were evaluated at U.S. grade 2 or better, all this thanks to the prolonged planting period. Which saw the most appropriate weather for optimal harvest.

Overall, the year 2017 was described to have a warm, wet vegetative period, which is followed by a cool and dry extended grain filling period and ended in a warm, mainly wet and slow harvest.

The crops

The 2017 crop had a slow start, with a crop condition ranking under the five year average only to recover during the mid to late reproductive stages.

As stated by USGC, an estimate test weight of 58.4 pounds per bushels or 75.2 kilogram per hectoliter exceeded the five year average and showed signs of good kernel maturation and filling.

The average 100 kernel weight of 36.07 grams surpassed that of the past two years, indicating large kernels compared to the previous years.

Approximately 98 percent of the samples which were tested under the U.S. Food and Drug Administration resulted in 20 parts per billion level of aflatoxins, while the samples evaluated under the FDA advisory level for vomitoxins, for cattle, chicken, pig and other animals resulted in 100 percent.

The report regarding the corn harvest quality can provide up to date information about the quality of U.S. corn crop today. The 2017-2018 Corn Export Cargo Quality Report which will include a comprehensive report about the corn crops as it enters global merchandising sectors, this report is expected to be released in early 2018.

The year 2017 had a prolonged average temperatures at grain fill, resulting in record yields, however the emergence of crop in the year was delayed from the average pace due to wet conditions and replanting. In 2015 and 2016, the emergence was earlier than expected.

Cool weather was recorded all throughout the corn belt as gain fill continued to the month of August 2017, the opposite of a very warm August 2016, which hindered maximum starch accumulation.

In contrast, the year 2017 saw moderate temperatures which delayed maturity and resulted in the extension of the grain fill period until September, approximately 10 percent behind the five year average.

In Colombia, the recently concluded corn quality events covered participants representing prominent commercial feed manufacturers, the country’s largest broiler manufacturer, government representatives, port authorities, the largest layer traders and producers and some private custom agencies